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PECAN CULTIVARS
Pecan cultivars that I currently have grafted to native pecan trees.  Some comments about the performance of the cultivar are noted next to the variety.

 

MAJOR - The northern standard.  Produces large quantities of smaller nuts.  Nut size varies from 65 to 95 nuts per pound. Best flavor I have tasted. STUART - We are at the northern edge of the range however the trees produce consistent crops of good pecans.
COLBY - Average 65 nuts per pound.  Size varies considerably, susceptible to powdery mildew. Matures early and has a thick shell. This year has been wet and scab has been a problem with this cultivar. STARK HARDY GIANT - Tree has light crops.  Many nuts fall off in July and August.  Nuts do not fill out well. This year has been wet and scab has been a problem with this cultivar.
STARK SURECROP - Thick hulls and only 1 to 2 nuts per cluster.  Dark meats and many do not fill out completely.  Nut size is larger than major. DESIRABLE - Very susceptible to scab. By August hulls are black and quit growing.  I do not believe I have got a single nut off this cultivar. Not recommended for Southern Illinois.
MOHAWK - I have only had 3 years of nut production.  Nuts are much larger than Stewart and have thin shell that are easy to crack. - One of my favorites. MERAMEC - I have only had 3 years of nut production.  Nuts are much larger than Stewart.  Hulls are thicker and nut are a little larger than Stewart. Meats are light colored and smooth.  Cracks well and you get a large percentage of halves.  - One of my favorites.
CAPE FEAR - First crop.  Waiting for results. GLORIA GRAND - First crop.  Waiting for results.
BARTON - Heavy bearer.  Nuts slightly smaller than Stewart.  Crack easy and meats are medium in color.  STARK SOUTHERN GIANT- No nuts yet.

CHOCTAW - No nuts yet.

GRA TEX - No nuts yet.